A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abdominoplasty (also called tummy tuck)
A procedure that minimizes the abdominal area. In abdominoplasty, the surgeon makes an incision from one side of the hipbone to the other. Excess fat and skin are surgically removed from the middle and lower abdomen and the muscles of the abdomen wall are tightened.
Anaesthesia
Lack of a normal sensation brought on by an anaesthetic drug.
Areola
The round patch of darkened breast skin that surrounds the nipple.
Artecoll®
Is an injectable micro-implant used for the long-lasting correction of wrinkles and other skin depressions. It consists of tiny microspheres blended with a small amount of collagen and a trace dose of anaesthetic to relieve mild tenderness after treatment. When injected under a crease, the microspheres fill in the depression, raising the skin to its normal height. After three months, the injected collagen dissolves and is replaced by the body's own natural collagen which binds the microspheres in place. Because of its `anchoring' effect, Artecoll can maintain its results for five to ten years. Artecoll can be used to correct facial folds and wrinkles, acne scars, vertical and horizontal frown lines, depressed corners of the mouth, as well as augmenting the lips.
Asymmetry
Lacking symmetry; parts of the body are unequal in shape or size.
Augmentation mammaplasty
A procedure to reshape the breast in order to make it larger. The procedure can also be performed to reconstruct the breast following breast surgery.
Autologous tissue breast reconstruction
The use of the patient’s own tissues to reconstruct a new breast mound. The common technique is the TRAM (transverse rectus abdominous muscle) flap. A TRAM flap involves removing an area of fat, skin, and muscle from the abdomen and stitching it in place to the mastectomy wound.
Blepharoplasty
(also called eyelid lift) - A procedure in which the physician surgically removes excess fat, muscle, and skin from both the upper and lower eyelids to redefine the shape of the eye.
Botox
When using Botox injections for wrinkles, a cosmetic surgeon will inject a miniscule amount of a purified protein toxin into a facial muscle using a very fine needle. A few days after the Botox injections, wrinkles and creases will begin to soften and often will disappear completely. This effect will typically last three or four months. After the effects diminish, the process can be repeated. Many patients require less frequent Botox injections over time. Botox injections for wrinkles act upon the muscle beneath the skin. The toxin works by preventing nerve impulses from reaching the muscle, forcing it to relax. Since the muscles can no longer contract, the frown lines associated with each muscle are reduced.
Breast augmentation
(also called augmentation mammaplasty) - A procedure to reshape the breast in order to make it larger. The procedure can also be performed to reconstruct the breast following breast surgery.
Brow lift
Surgery performed on the skin of the forehead and eyebrows to eliminate sagging eyebrows as well as to correct wrinkle lines in the forehead
Cellulite
Common term that describes the soft undulations in skin that usually occur on the thighs and buttocks. Cellulite is likely caused by a tethering of the fibrous connections from the deep fat and fascia attaching to the underside of the dermis (leather layer of the skin). The tethering may be possibly the result of tightening of the tethers (connections) or an enlargement of the nearby fat pouching out around the relatively constant tethers.
Cheek / Chin Augmentation
Surgery in which implants are placed in the cheeks or chin to improve bone structure and support sagging, soft tissues.
Collagen
Collagen is the fibrous protein found in the white tissue of skin, bone, cartilage, tendon, and other connective tissue. Collagen is made of rod-like molecules that have great tensile strength. Collagen works in partnership with elastin to give our bodies both structure and elasticity.
Collagen implant
An injection of collagen that raises skin tissue to smooth skin and make wrinkles and scars less visible.
Darphin facial
The Darphin facial is a unique and luxurious treatment involving lymphatic drainage and therapeutic massage. The formulas used during this facial are the most adapted essential oils and plant extracts for the balance of the skin with a combination of specific aromatherapy and phytotherapy.
Dermabrasion
A procedure that removes fine wrinkles and/or minimizes scars on the skin. It involves the surgeon utilizing a high-speed rotating brush to remove the top layer of skin. The size and depth of the scars, as well as the degree of wrinkling, determine the appropriate level of skin that will be surgically sloughed.
Dermaplaning
A plastic surgery technique used to treat deep acne scars with a hand-held instrument called a dermatome.
Dermatome
An instrument that resembles an electric razor and has an oscillating blade that moves back and forth to evenly "skim" off the surface layers of skin that surround facial defects.
Dermis
The layer of the skin that lies just below the epidermis on most of the body. It is largely made up of collagen (fibrous or connective) tissue. The dermis, as a layer, makes up the bulk of the skin and is usually thickest on the back and the back of the neck. The dermis may best be thought of as the "leather layer" of the skin. The dermis protects the body from mechanical injury, binds water, stores water, maintains temperature and carries nerves to detect sensation and feeling. Blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerves, sweat glands, oil glands, hair follicles, hair erecting muscles and other structures reside in or course through the dermis.
Ear surgery
(see Otoplasty).
Epidermis
The outermost layer of the skin. The epidermis contains no nerves or blood vessels, so the epidermis alone is incapable of sensation or bleeding. Composed of a protective outer layer of nonliving keratin-derived scale cells, the epidermis acts as an envelope or seal against the environment and exerts some control on the amount of moisture lost to the environment. The epidermis contains keratinocytes (cells that make keratin) and melanocytes (cells that make pigment), as well as other specialized cells.
Expander/implant breast reconstruction
The use of an expander to create a breast mound, followed by the placement of a permanently filled breast implant.
Eyelid lift
(see Blepharoplasty)
Facelift
(see Rhytidectomy).
Facial implant
Cosmetic plastic surgery to change the shape of the chin, cheek, or jaw. This procedure is typically done to enhance certain facial features, or to bring a certain aspect of the face into proportion with the rest of the facial structures.
Female breast reduction
This common procedure reduces the weight and size of very large breasts by using liposuction techniques and may be performed on an outpatient basis under local anaesthesia.
Filler injections
The most common filler is collagen, a gel-like substance derived from purified animal tissue, and fat which is taken from the patient’s thigh or abdomen and then injected to plump up facial areas or fill wrinkled areas.
Forehead lift
The surgical removal of excess fat and skin, as well as a tightening of the muscles in the forehead area. It can correct sagging brows or deep furrows between the eyes. It is often done in conjunction with a facelift in order to create a smoother facial appearance overall.
Glycolic acid peel
Glycolic is an alpha hydroxy acid derived from sugar cane. It is a thorough exfoliator capable of penetrating deeper layers of the skin. This increases the rate of dead cell shedding, new cell production and collagen formation. Having these peels regularly will also improve dry skin, some sun damage and fine lines.
Gynecomastia
Male breast reductions have become one of the most popular cosmetic surgical procedures for males. The procedure reduces the enlargement of the breast, using liposuction to remove fatty and glandular tissue. Incisions for this operation may be made directly inside the areola border where they are generally inconspicuous.
Hair replacement
Today's hair replacement surgeries produce amazing results that do not vanish over time. There are a variety of techniques to fill in baldness with a patient's own hair.
Hylaform
Hylaform / Perlane / Restylane These temporary injectables all contain a stabilized hyaluronic acid, which is a natural compound found in all connective tissues and dissolves naturally over time. Its primary function is to stabilize cellular structures and form a fluid medium in which collagen becomes embedded. These methods are an ideal choice for people who don't want a permanent correction. These non-allergenic fillers are great for temporarily filling facial wrinkles, fine lines and augmenting lips.
Liposuction
(lipoplasty) - A procedure that removes excess fat through suctioning. Although liposuction is not a substitute for weight loss, it is a way of changing the body's shape and contour. Areas of the body that can be improved by liposuction include the chin, cheeks, neck, upper-arms, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves, and ankles.
LPG Endermolgie
Endermologie is a treatment used to reduce the appearance of cellulite. This is done by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin. It is ideal to have this treatment before and after liposuction. The machine used for this procedure consists of two motorized rollers and a vacuum chamber which help to lift the connective tissue. The combined action of rollers that fold and unfold the skin also produce a unique therapeutic massage.
MACRO-abrasion
MACRO-abrasion is a resurfacing of the skin that requires no recovery time. This treatment reduces the appearance of fine lines, hyperpigmentation and acne scarring. The Dermaster machine used for this treatment rapidly dispenses sea salt to defoliate the skin. At other clinics, aluminum oxide is the most commonly used abrasive. We use sea salt because we believe it is safer for you. Microdermabrasion is followed by a therapeutic ultrasound treatment that hydrates the skin and allows products to penetrate deeper into the dermis, leaving your skin feeling smoother and rejuvenated.
Male breast reduction
(see Gynecomastia).
Mastectomy
Surgery to remove some of, or all of, a breast.
Mastopexy
A procedure performed to lift sagging breast. It can be performed with various incisions of different lengths and complexity depending on the severity of the problem.
Microdermabrasion
Microdermabrasion is a resurfacing of the skin that requires no recovery time. This treatment reduces the appearance of fine lines, hyperpigmentation and acne scarring. The Dermaster machine used for this treatment rapidly dispenses sea salt to defoliate the skin.
Nose surgery
(see Rhinoplasty)
Otoplasty
(also called ear surgery) - a type of cosmetic plastic surgery procedure aimed at setting prominent ears closer to the head, or reducing the size of larger ears.
Partial abdominoplasty
A mini tummy tuck. This procedure is ideal for individuals who have fat deposits limited to the area below the navel.
Perlane
Perlane / Restylane / Hylaform These temporary injectables all contain a stabilized hyaluronic acid, which is a natural compound found in all connective tissues and dissolves naturally over time. Its primary function is to stabilize cellular structures and form a fluid medium in which collagen becomes embedded. These methods are an ideal choice for people who don't want a permanent correction. These non-allergenic fillers are great for temporarily filling facial wrinkles, fine lines and augmenting lips.
Radiesse
RADIESSE volumizing wrinkle filler is indicated for subdermal implantation for the correction of moderate to severe facial wrinkles and folds, such as nasolabial folds and the rejuvenation of the hand. After injection, patients may experience redness, bruising, swelling or other local side effects.
Restylane
Restylane / Perlane / Hylaform These temporary injectables all contain a stabilized hyaluronic acid, which is a natural compound found in all connective tissues and dissolves naturally over time. Its primary function is to stabilize cellular structures and form a fluid medium in which collagen becomes embedded. These methods are an ideal choice for people who don't want a permanent correction. These non-allergenic fillers are great for temporarily filling facial wrinkles, fine lines and augmenting lips.
Retin-A
Retin-A cream or lotion may be applied to enhance the overall texture of the skin and is often prescribed as a pre-treatment prior to a facelift or chemical peel.
Rhinoplasty
the surgical repair of a defect of the nose, including reshaping or resizing the nose. Rhinoplasty involves the resculpting of the bone and cartilage. Nose surgery changes the size and shape of a person's nose and can also correct birth defects or breathing problems.
Rhytidectomy
(also called facelift.) - The popular facelift can be performed on both men and women as soon as there are signs of aging. This procedure addresses the changes that occur in the natural process of aging. A typical lift requires the cosmetic surgeon to remove excess fat, tighten underlying muscles, and re-drape the skin of the face and neck. Ideal candidates for a facelift are men and women over forty whose face and neck have begun to sag but who have some skin elasticity and a well-defined bone structure.
Scalp flap surgery
A hair replacement method that involves rotating strips of hair-bearing scalp from the side and back of the head to the front and top; restores the hairline while maintaining normal hair density
Sclerotherapy
This is an injection therapy used to reduce the unwanted blood vessels (spider veins) on the legs and occasionally on the face, involving minimal discomfort.
Septoplasty
The surgical correction of defects and deformities of the nasal septum (the partition between the nostrils).
Skin grafts
A skin graft may be used to cover skin that has been damaged and/or is missing. This surgical procedure involves removing healthy portions of skin from one part of the body to restore normal appearance and/or function to another portion of the same body. The location where the skin is removed is called the donor site. There are various types of skin grafts that may be utilized, depending upon the size and location of needed skin.
Skin resurfacing
Removal of the outer layer of the skin using abrasion, chemicals or a laser, resulting in smoother and less wrinkled skin.
Subcutaneous fat
Subcutaneous fat sits just below the skin. This is as opposed to omental (deep abdominal) fat.
Tissue expansion
A surgical procedure that involves inserting a balloon-like device (called an expander) under the skin. The expander then slowly secretes liquid into the area to be repaired to actually stretch and expand the skin. This serves the function of "growing" extra skin to repair nearby lost or damaged skin.
Tumescent
Technique of liposuction using a dilute local anaesthetic injected into the tissue to be suctioned. This has the effect of enlarging the targeted area to be suctioned and leaving behind local anaesthetic which reduces the post operative pain.
Tummy tuck
(see Abdominoplasty)
Xeomin
XEOMIN® Cosmetic™ clostridium botulinum neurotoxin type A (150kD), free from complexing proteins, was approved by Health Canada in April 2012 for the temporary improvement in the appearance of moderate-to-severe glabellar lines, also known as frown lines between the eyebrows, in adult patients. Used as an alternative to the muscle relaxing products Botox or Dysport.

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